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Virtual Class Impacts of Poverty on Learning

Page history last edited by Robert W. Maloy 3 weeks, 5 days ago




First American Homes: A Makerspace Activity



Impacts of Poverty on Learning week 11


Assignment 10 due Tuesday, May 2, by 4 p.m.





Class Opener  What is a MAKERSPACE? What is 3D printing?


InTEAMS classes 2018-2021, 10% of students could define a makerspace or had participated in one in school

 Less than 10% of the classes had done something with 3D printing



3D printed food

1. Have you participated in a makerspace? If so, what did you make?


2. How does 3D Printing work? Do you know?

CAN you explain to someone WHAT is printed?




external image Polybooks.png A brief article explaining President Lincoln's portrait 157 years ago states,

"For the 1865 life mask, created in the White House, scholars believe that President Lincoln’s face and beard were greased before applying a thin coat of plaster paste. The President breathed through straws in his nostrils while the plaster dried."


inspiring the 3D portrait of President Obama's in 2014,

"The most rigorous requirements for the Smithsonian’s 3D portrait: The President needed to tolerate 1 second of flashing lights, as well as sit still for about 90 seconds."      --
-- Günter Waibel, Director, Digitization Program Office, OCIO on Tue, 12/02/2014 - 13:00




video of the Smithsonian Museums's 3D printing a president!




3. Describe 3 surprising aspects of what you saw in the Mobile Light Stage 3D photography of President Obama.


4. Where is math used to produce a 3D portrait? Explain your ideas.



   Workshop 1 Who goes to college? Who gets to school? 


external image Polybooks.png  


Read the transcript and hear the story


5. List and explain three reasons identified in 'Why Many Smart, Low-Income Students Don't Apply to Elite Schools' that prevent many academically gifted students from applying to elite top rated colleges

 DISTANCE and LOCATION mean something different in this information, not close to or far from home



6. Did any of these SAME reasons influence your decisions about which colleges to apply to? Explain which did and which did not.




7. Before reading and hearing the two reports, what reasons do you think might make kids be chronically absent from school? 

external image Polybooks.png  



8. Create two lists explaining the causes of CHRONIC absenteeism described in each report:


What One District's Data Mining Did For Chronic Absenteeism


Want to Make School Better; Get Kids to Show Up


9. What reasons from BOTH reports would you NOT have thought cause absences from school for low income students?



Workshop 2  Age 7 in America


This 48-minute video introduces 17 American children in their homes and their communities.
Each child tells their story about aspirations in life, beliefs and daily experiences



10. Choose two different children--not two together at school or as family members.

Compose a paragraph for EACH CHILD describing how you think each is influenced by their homes, neighborhoods and schools and by a growth mindset.


11. As you listen to the conversations and ideas of these 17 children, does what they say remind you of ideas or wishes you were thinking at age 7?


Do you recall aspirations you had at their age or your choices of careers?




   48 minute video Age 7 in America narrated by Meryl Streep.



Children, in the order we see them in the film: 

Kate, Lucy, Alexis
Leroy, Kennisha
Doug, Vicky, Mike



Big Idea Closer Resources and Opportunities 


If schools offered opportunities that were creative and interesting for all learners, life choices would be influenced by all of those experiences. 


12. What would you have liked to have as choices, opportunities, and tools for interesting learning in elementary, middle or high school?














NOT part of the assignment


Wealth, Poverty, Educational Opportunities, Choices





How much money does Jeff Bezos make every minute? 



In normal times, how much money do individuals and families need to live?


Review the Minimum Wage, Poverty Wage and Living Wage figures for Massachusetts from a Living Wage Calculator created and published by MIT


What surprised you about the information?


How do you imagine graduating from high school and going to college might improve a person's income potential? 

You can find more material about wages at our wiki page for Minimum Wage, Living Wage and Worker Productivity



As you read these resources, consider why you are in college and what resources make it possible for you to be here for four years.


Income gapthe difference in personal wealth between the wealthiest and poorest Americans, is as high today as it has been since the 1929 Great Depression when we had the widest income gap in American history.


external image Polybooks.png 

Read or hear


1. Bullet list three reasons identified in Why Many Smart, Low-Income Students Don't Apply to Elite Schools that explain why many academically gifted students do NOT apply to elite top rated colleges. Please understand HOW THE WORD DISTANCE IS DEFINED in the information.
Did any of these reasons influence 
your decisions about which collegesto apply to? Explain which did and which did not.


external image Polybooks.png  
Read or hear BOTH



2. Before reading and hearing What One District's Data Mining Did For Chronic Absenteeism and Want to Make School Better; Get Kids to Show UpWHAT DO YOU THINK are reasons why kids might be chronically absent from school? 


3. Create two bullet lists of the causes of CHRONIC absenteeism described in each report:


What One District's Data Mining Did For Chronic Absenteeism


Want to Make School Better; Get Kids to Show Up


4. What reasons from BOTH reports would you NOT have thought cause absences from school for low income students?
















    1 minute trailer 14 up in America 7 years later



Job Market Realities


  • By 2020, 65 percent of all jobs in the economy will require postsecondary education and training beyond high school.


  • Judgment/decision-making, communications, analysis, and administration will be the four most in-demand competencies in the labor market


  • The United States will fall short by 5 million workers with postsecondary education—at the current production rate—by 2020

SOURCE:  Job Growth and Education Requirements Through 2020 (Georgetown University Public Policy Institute)





Your Dream Job 




Is this Your Dream Job?  Photo by Lewis Hine during the building of the Empire State Building



What is Your Dream Job? (there are no constraints; you could do anything you want for a living so what would you do)




Compare Your Dream Job with That of Kids


Kids Dream Jobs at Top 15 Kids' Dream Jobs


2017 Imagination Report:  What Kids Want to Be When They Grow Up






Choose 3 jobs and see how much money people earn in different jobs and occupations using information from the Bureau of Labor Statistics


    • What surprised you about the information you found? 





Greenfield Recorder April 7, 2022
















Create A photo of a 3D physical or digital model that represents a woman, LGBTQ individual, or person of color who shaped the fields of science, technology, engineering or math.


  • Explore multiple sources to learn about your person’s history


  • Identify an object (or objects) that uniquely represents your person (hint: a computer is not unique to any single person)







Why 3D Print? MassCUE Slides on Makerspaces and 3D Printing

Why 3D Print

Impacts of Poverty On Learning Class 11.docx






Learning about Domicile and Legal AddressFamily ResourcesSchool Opportunities and Choices, we are considering what MIGHT happen to each child because of the influences of these factors. 

Place all 17 student names on each of two continuums: Education Achievement Continuum Future Annual Income Earnings Continuum. 

Education Achievement Continuum

no high school graduation

become incarcerated in jail


graduate high school

enter 2-year community college part time

graduate 2-year community college

enter 4-year college or university

graduate 4-year college or university

enter graduate school or certification beyond college

complete Master's degree

complete Doctoral degree


Future Annual Income Earnings Continuum

Less than $18,000











What do you believe is the influence of a growth mindset on gaining confidence as a learner or not worrying about making mistakes when you desire to learn something?


Mini-Makerspace of Native American/First American Dwellings 


Makerspaces are design studios, places where people create and learn through their creating.


Native American Dwellings from the U.S. Census Bureau.

  • teepees, pueblo adobe structures, and hogans


Makerspaces in schools usually have 3D printers.

Poorer schools with students from low-income communities usually do not have access to these resources.


Makerspaces can also be design studios where art supplies and lots of good junk-- boxes,  packaging and things we throw away--become the materials we build with.





Drawing of an Eskimo Igloo

Do we know American history?


North, Central and South America's Indian nations were producers, creators, designers, engineers, astronomers, weavers of cloth and makers of all items that made life possible, from kitchen implements and bedding, clothing, jewelry and portable ways to move things.


Homes were designed to have heat and cooling arrangements, comforts, and trade between nations was ongoing. 





There were agronomists--expert soil and crop managers--scientists who knew to save seeds, cross pollinate, and grow foods we eat today: 


corn, maize, quinoa



hundreds of kinds of potatoes


squash and pumpkins

peppers and chile peppers

all kinds of beans







In this workshop, we'll learn how people created, solved problems, and designed American Indian dwellings.





Each type of dwelling in the list addresses and solves the problems of the biome and habitat where the people were living.


The World's Biomes 


Pictures of the world's 6 biomes: fresh water, marine (sea), forest, desert, grassland, tundra.- University of California Museum of Paleontology



"The main components of a habitat are shelter, water, food, and space. A habitat is said to have a suitable arrangement when it has the correct amount of all of these. Sometimes, a habitat can meet some components of a suitable arrangement, but not all." -National Geographic Resource Library



Native American Homes-- Pictures and a short description. Check this resource!





Choose one dwelling to build and learn about:


Adobe Houses

Earthen Houses

Plank Houses

Brush Shelters



Grass Houses

Wattle and Daub Houses


 Please do not make a teepee.


5. As part of this makerspace experience, create a Jamboard or google slide(s) to answer these questions:


  • What structural materials would be available in this biome to build this dwelling?
  • How are heating and cooling built into the architectural design of the dwelling?
  • Is this a single family, communal or apartment structure for the people living in it?




Hands-On Materials to Use for Your Makerspace


Empty Cardboard Cereal Boxes

Small, Large and Craft Scissors


Glue Sticks and Glue Guns

Empty Plastic Containers


Goldie Bloxs


Rubber Bands


Paint Swatches

Paper Bags

Rectangles, Squares, Ovals and Circles of Magazine Pages Cut Into Shapes

Pre-Cut Cardboard Pieces


Different Lengths of String

Scotch Tape and Multi-colored Duct Tape

Popsicle Sticks and Toothpicks


Keva Structures

Copper Foil Tape

Pipe Cleaners


Cotton Balls


Packaging from Cookies, Muffins, Plastic That is in Fractioned Compartments


Email or inset a photo into the google slides or the jamboard of the dwelling you make.






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